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Mar 09, 2019
Topic: WE stand Con on the resolution resolved: On balance, refugee restrictions in developed countries are permissible. Definition: Immigration restrictions refers to strong enforcement measures. Restrict: To hold or keep within limits or bounds. Those fleeing war and natural disaster are ‘economic migrants’, not ‘refugees’ if they are not at risk of persecutionThere is a great deal of confusion about the difference between an asylum seeker and a refugee and often the terms are used interchangeably or incorrectly. An asylum seeker is someone who is seeking international protection but whose claim for refugee status has not yet been determined. In contrast, a refugee is someone who has been recognised under the 1951 Convention relating to the status of refugees to be a refugee. Contention 1:Host countries cannot provide efficient protection for refugee abuses, and the developed countries should place more refugees under their laws According to HuffPost Journalist’s account of her volunteer experience at Ritsona, a Greek refugee camp, she recalls the absence of running water and electricity. Food is given to families based on their size, and extra water and food is very rarely handed out. When she traveled to the camp Calais in France, she found that the camp was infested with rats, the water was contaminated with feces, and tuberculosis was rampant. Most recently, the UNHCR, the United Nations Refugee Agency, has reported that sexual assault is “rampant” in Moria, another refugee camp in Greece. Moria, along with other refugee camps, is overpopulated as it hosts 5,000 refugees, exceeding the capacity by 2,000 people. To say the least, these conditions are inhumane. While political violence may not be an issue for these refugees anymore, their well-being is still threatened. As human beings, these refugees deserve a livable place to stay. This means they should have running, clean water, a source for electricity, enough food, and an environment free of sexual assault and disease. UNHCR aims to protect the human rights of refugees, but they are not fully succeeding if they are not providing refugees with a humane home. According to a EU observor, “The lack of food and deplorable conditions at the camps is, in part, compelling many to take the journey to the EU. At the camp in Jordan, some 229,000 Syrians stopped receiving food aid in September. In Turkey, around to almost 1.3million Syrian refugees in the region. Most live off $0.50 a day. The agency is warning that disruptions to water supplies could provoke major outbreaks of disease.”Even though the developing countries are providing help to their best extend, they are not as organized as the developed countries, and many of them still in war.The refugee laws states that refugees should be protect from physical suffering, including living conditions and physical abuses. Since the host countries cannot yet accomplish the statement, developed countries should lend help to decrease the suffering of the refugees. AT: Terrorism 1. According to Pozner in 2015, (-LIZ POSNER/ Bustle Article/Nov 19 2015,(How Many Refugees Have Been Linked To Terrorism? The Number Will Astonish You;https://www.bustle.com/articles/124875-how-many-refugees-have-been-linked-to-terrorism-the-number-will-astonish-you), Since 9/11, the U.S. has admitted 784,000 refugees into the country. According to the Migration Policy Institute, during that time, exactly three refugees were found to have links to terrorism — so, approximately .00038 percent of refugees in the U.S. have had ties to terrorism. Two of these refugees were caught while trying to leave the country to join extremist groups abroad. All three are currently in prison. Lavinia Limón, the president of the U.S. Committee for Refugees and Immigrants, told The Atlantics” 2. According to CNN ("How many fatal terror attacks have refugees carried out in the US? None"Eric Levenson, CNN，Updated 2354 GMT (0754 HKT)， January 29, 2017 https://edition.cnn.com/2017/01/29/us/refugee-terrorism-trnd/index.html) No person accepted to the United States as a refugee, Syrian or otherwise, has been implicated in a major fatal terrorist attack since the Refugee Act of 1980 set up systematic procedures for accepting refugees into the United States, according to an analysis of terrorism immigration risks by the Cato Institute.In fact, the primary perpetrators of the major terror attacks have mostly been US-born citizens or permanent legal residents originally from countries not included in the ban. Current Refugee laws fail to protect refugees Contention 3:The refugees are suffering violation towards their human rights. ACCORDING TO ACCORDING TO Purkey, J.D, in 2014, “Although it is well accepted that the law and legal institutions and mechanisms can play an important role in ensuring that every individual within a society is able to live a dignified life in which their rights are fully realized, this knowledge has had little impact on the way in which states and the international community at large address the situation of one of the world’s most vulnerable groups of people: individuals caught inprotracted refugee situations. In many ways, protracted refugee situations are a form of social, political, legal and even economic purgatory for those trapped within them. These refugees often share many of the characteristics of other marginalized and vulnerable groups including poverty, discrimination, lack of access to services, social exclusion, and routine and systemic human rights violations, but face the added challenge of lacking an effective citizenship and/or formal legal status in the country in which they are living. Host states often lack the necessary resources and have little political incentive to guarantee a broad range of rights to refugees. Thus, instead of being regarded as individuals in need of protection or as potential assets to the state, refugee communities are more often viewed as burdens and sources of insecurity to be contained and minimized (Loescher and Milner 2004). The dignity and human rights of refugees are made subordinate to the entrenched interests of the host state, other states, humanitarian actors and donors.
Mar 02, 2019
-Some Refugees are closely linked to Terrorism; There are 185 ISIS members in France that have returned back to the country after fighting in Iraq and Syria. International Business Times,11/13/15,Erin Banco("Paris Attacks: European Migrant, Refugee Crisis Could Be Fueling Attacks In France" https://www.ibtimes.com/paris-attacks-european-migrant-refugee-crisis-could-be-fueling-attacks-france-2184317) November 2015 Paris attacks, a massive, coordinated terrorist attack in Paris that has killed at least 149 people. "The attackers killed 130 people, including 90 at the Bataclan theatre.Another 413 people were injured,almost 100 seriously. Seven of the attackers also died while the authorities continued to search for accomplices.The attacks were the deadliest in France since the Second world war, and the second deadliest in the EU since the Madrid train bombings in 2004.France had been on high alert sinceThe Jan 2015 Attack on Charlie Hebedo,offices and a Jewish supermarket in Paris that killed 17 people and wounded 22, including civilians and police officers." -Most of them are not linked to Terrorism. -LIZ POSNER/ Bustle Article/Nov 19 2015,(How Many Refugees Have Been Linked To Terrorism? The Number Will Astonish You;https://www.bustle.com/articles/124875-how-many-refugees-have-been-linked-to-terrorism-the-number-will-astonish-you) "As the U.S. stands to absorb over 10,000 Syrian refugees within the next year, we need to restore our trust in the people who will soon live among us — many of them women, children, sick, and elderly. Since 9/11, the U.S. has admitted 784,000 refugees into the country. According to the Migration Policy Institute, during that time, exactly three refugees were found to have links to terrorism — so, approximately .00038 percent of refugees in the U.S. have had ties to terrorism. Two of these refugees were caught while trying to leave the country to join extremist groups abroad. All three are currently in prison. Lavinia Limón, the president of the U.S. Committee for Refugees and Immigrants, told The Atlantic:" EUROPEANS FEAR REFUGEES WILL BRING TERRORISM AND TAKE THEIR JOBS LUCY WESTCOTT ON 7/11/16 AT 6:00 PM(https://www.newsweek.com/refugee-attitudes-europe-hungary-uk-pew-study-479510) In the U.K., Sweden and Spain, around one-third of respondents said more cultural diversity—an increasing number of people of many different races, ethnic groups and nationalities—is favorable, but in “no nation does a majority say increasing diversity is a positive for their country.” "The organization, which is based in Washington, D.C., interviewed more than 11,000 people in May and June across 10 European countries—Hungary, Poland, the Netherlands, Germany, Italy, Sweden, Greece, the U.K., France and Spain—many of which were at the epicenter of the refugee crisis when it was at its height last year. (Greece and Italy continue to be the first point of entry into Europe for many refugees and migrants fleeing violence and persecution in the Middle East and Africa.) In eight of the nations that Pew surveyed, more than 50 percent of respondents said they believed the resettlement of refugees in their countries would increase the likelihood of terrorism. That sentiment was strongest in Hungary, where 76 percent of people said they believed terrorism would increase with an influx of refugees. Last year, the country built a 100-mile razor-wire border fence to discourage refugees from entering the country, which was along the migrant route to Northern Europe." "More than 80 percent of people surveyed in Hungary said they believed “refugees are a burden on our country because they take our jobs and social benefits,” a sentiment shared by 46 percent of people in the U.K. and 72 percent in Greece. The lowest percentage, 32 percent, was in Germany, which received the highest number of asylum seekers in 2015 but at the beginning of this year was rocked when groups of North African men committed a wave of sexual assaults against women in Cologne." "However, the percentage of the people who said they believed most or many Muslims in their countries support militant organizations like the Islamic State group (ISIS) is less than half in all 10 nations surveyed."
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